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How pack and unpack archives via SSH

how-pack-and-unpack-archives-via-ssh

It happens, that some hosting company have inconvenient hosting control panel – and work with files is no possibility, or this feature is bad implemented / this feature is very inconvenient.
FTP manager does not always work – for example, when working with archives. A typical example – Masterhost. Somehow they decided that their customers either do not need to work with the archives, or customers must learn the console commands *nix.

I think, nothing bad in console commands are not present, but personally I do not like when I deprived of choice. I do not like if someone decide how I work with files. That’s why I’ve not hosted my sites on Masterhost. But if the client’s site is hosted on Masterhost – here as say there is no choice, the customer is sacred 😉

Let`s go, run putty and connect.

How to package the files in tar.gz through SSH

tar -zxvf file_name archived_folder
eg
tar -zxvf folder.tar.gz folder/
explanations
c – means that you create a new file;
f – by means of this flag is given a name to the archive;
z – archiving will occur via gzip archiver;
v – the console will display information about the process of archiving.

How to pack files into a zip through SSH

zip -r archive_name archived_folder
eg
zip -r logs.zip logs/
explanations
r – means that you need to search for files in a folder recursively, otherwise there was one empty folder in the archive.

How to extract the files from tar.gz through SSH

tar -xvf file_name.tar.gz
eg
tar -xzvf archive.tar.gz

How to extract the files from the zip through SSH

unzip imya_arhiva.zip
eg
unzip archive.zip

One more thing … UNIX console has some tricks that can greatly facilitate the work – such as autocomplete file name. Agree, it would be foolish to unpack, for example WordPress typing the file name “wordpress-4.5.3.tar.gz” manually?
This is not required – the first 2-3 characters is enough to dial and press the “tab” key.
For example, in this case:
tar -xzvf Jo
press the “Tab” and then press the “Enter”

Posted 1 year ago
Category: Tutorials
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